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Java 9 REPL (JShell)

作者:微学网发布时间:2019-09-22 10:25:15

什么是Java 9 REPL (JShell)

REPL(Read Eval Print Loop)意为交互式的编程环境。

JShell 是 Java 9 新增的一个交互式的编程环境工具。它允许你无需使用类或者方法包装来执行 Java 语句。它与 Python 的解释器类似,可以直接 输入表达式并查看其执行结果。

执行 JSHELL

$ jshell
|  Welcome to JShell -- Version 9-ea
|  For an introduction type: /help intro
jshell>

查看 JShell 命令

输入 /help 可以查看 JShell相关的命令:

jshell> /help
|  Type a Java language expression, statement, or declaration.
|  Or type one of the following commands:
|  /list [<name or id>|-all|-start]
|  list the source you have typed
|  /edit <name or id>
|  edit a source entry referenced by name or id
|  /drop <name or id>
|  delete a source entry referenced by name or id
|  /save [-all|-history|-start] <file>
|  Save snippet source to a file.
|  /open <file>
|  open a file as source input
|  /vars [<name or id>|-all|-start]
|  list the declared variables and their values
|  /methods [<name or id>|-all|-start]
|  list the declared methods and their signatures
|  /types [<name or id>|-all|-start]
|  list the declared types
|  /imports 
|  list the imported items

执行 JShell 命令

/imports 命令用于查看已导入的包:

jshell> /imports
|    import java.io.*
|    import java.math.*
|    import java.net.*
|    import java.nio.file.*
|    import java.util.*
|    import java.util.concurrent.*
|    import java.util.function.*
|    import java.util.prefs.*
|    import java.util.regex.*
|    import java.util.stream.*
jshell>

JShell 执行计算

以下实例执行 JShell 简单计算:

jshell> 3+1
$1 ==> 4
jshell> 13%7
$2 ==> 6
jshell> $2
$2 ==> 6
jshell>

JShell 创建与使用函数

创建一个函数 doubled() ,将传入的整型参数乘于 2 后返回:

jshell> int doubled(int i){ return i*2;}
|  created method doubled(int)
jshell> doubled(6)
$3 ==> 12
jshell>

退出 JShell

输入 /exit 命令退出 jshell

jshell> /exit
| Goodbye